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By Juol Nhomngek Daniel


Earlier this Month, South Sudanese students in Egypt staged sit-in at South Sudanese Cairo embassy. Their protest was against deteriorating conditions at the university campus and after being asked by universities to pay for their accommodation.
This was contrary to what they were told when they were granted scholarships to study in Egypt. During the time they applied for scholarship they were told that they would receive full scholarships at the Egyptian universities. They therefore accepted to go on that promise.
However, it later transpired as it was reported by many media outlets that they were only not denied accommodations but they were also humiliated by being prohibited from entering classrooms and their hostels because they were too old. The issue of age was supposed to be determined before they were given scholarships not after they admitted.
Such mistreatments and oppressions under the hands of foreign government that holds itself out to be the friend of South Sudan annoyed students who decided to storm the South Sudanese embassy. Unfortunately, instead of being protected by their government, they were beaten up and arrested by Egyptian security services.
Eight students were arrested as Petro Mabior, one of the students told Voice of America. The arrest was carried out violently which left seventy (70) students injured and one was left in a critical condition. Up to now, we do not know the welfare that critically injured student. Six students were later deported on ground and are now currently being held by the Criminal Investigation Department.
As it is pointed out above, the students were peacefully protesting inside the South Sudanese embassy in Cairo. This implies that they were inside South Sudanese land according to the Public International law on diplomatic embassy.
Thus, diplomatic law is that area of international law that governs permanent and temporary diplomatic missions. A fundamental concept of diplomatic law is that of diplomatic immunity, which derives from state immunity.
Key elements of diplomatic law are the immunity of diplomatic staff, the inviolability of the diplomatic mission and its grounds, and the security of diplomatic correspondence and diplomatic bags.
In relation to the incident in Cairo in Egypt where peaceful protesting South Sudanese students were violently suppressed by the Egyptian Police services inside the premises of South Sudan, it was the clear failure of South Sudanese Ambassador to protect sovereign of South Sudan in Egypt.
South Sudan in according to its behavior appears to have sold its sovereign to Egypt and Egyptian government does not care about the sovereignty of South Sudan as a country. It appears that the waters of the Nile were the main reasons for granting scholarships but after the Egyptian Government fails to achieve that it decided to revisit its decision.
The same scenario that happened in Egypt this year happened in Zimbabwe in 2021 when fourteen South Sudanese nationals, who graduated at the National University of Science and Technology in Zimbabwe were stranded following the government of South Sudan failure to provide them air tickets to return home.
Moreover, it was also reported that nearly 40 South Sudanese students who went to Cuba and Zimbabwe for higher education were stuck in those countries with no money for food, transportation or a plane ticket home.
The cause was the failure by South Sudanese Finance Ministry that failed to release funds to cover the students’ stipends and arrears to universities though the Finance Ministry official insisted that the students were not on government scholarships.
Some years back, it was reported that twenty-eight South Sudanese students were stranded in Zimbabwe and 11 more were stuck in Cuba because of the lack of money.
While students are being stuck, molested and oppressed abroad, the Ministry of Finance and Planning of South Sudan is paying millions of dollars to individual business persons for non-existing contracts or ghost contracts as it is seen in the case of Bahr el Ghazal roads which has consumed billions of dollars without heading anywhere.
The government of South Sudan when it comes to giving services, it only depends on foreign handouts to educate its citizens though it has capacity to do so without asking externally for support. The only thing South Sudan needs is to restructure its human power and material resources to suit it needs without seeking for assistance externally.
We have seen the same scenario happening with Chinese oil workers who are well paid but sabotage the good payments for locals with the help of the security personnel in this Country. This is the main reason the unified human resource manual has been facing stiff resistance from oil companies in South Sudan.
In summary, we have sold to the sovereignty of this nation to the highest bidder in the arena of diplomatic relations. We are not concern about our citizens as long as we are receiving handouts from foreign countries. It is for this reason, South Sudan allowed the deportation of South Sudanese students protesting inside South Sudanese Embassy in Egypt. This is the auctioning of South Sudan sovereign right.
NB//: the Author is South Sudanese citizen, the member of the Parliament on the Ticket of the SPLM-IO.

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